Until the advent of the automobile, camping off the beaten path was an arduous undertaking requiring a rugged constitution and roadworthy clothing. The care and feeding of draft animals was another challenge that hampered outdoor travel for all but the most hardy individuals. Even well-to-do folks, who could afford to have others tend to the animals, seldom ventured far beyond the places trains went.
This group of adventurers, portrayed on a stereoscope card published by Underwood and Underwood in 1902, was photographed in California’s Yosemite Valley. Note the heavy clothing, particularly on the women. At that time, even in the wilderness, women were expected to adhere to certain rules of decorum. Courtesy Library of Congress.